Most often, dengue has been mistaken for the flu or viral fever due to the similar symptoms they share. Some of the symptoms may be the same but with dengue, a mosquito-borne disease, it is more severe. If treated like the flu, recovery time will be prolonged or conditions can worsen making it potentially life-threatening. Early detection can help prevent any fatalities. The flu and viral fevers are seasonal, while dengue can occur all-year long since all it takes is an infected mosquito – whether in a tropical place or not.
Dengue comes with additional symptoms which can help us identify whether we have it or not. The symptoms, whether mild or severe, can be seen within a week of being bitten by an infected mosquito. Dengue fever will only kick-in days after the mosquito bite. Here are some common dengue symptoms to watch out for. Consult a doctor if you notice any of these:
For mild dengue, you may have any of the below symptoms along with a fever:
- Severe headaches
- Pain behind the eyes
- Muscle, bone and joint pain
- Swollen glands
- Skin rash
Sometimes, dengue could worsen with symptoms which could mean you have the symptoms of severe dengue, which can cause shock and even death. Do not try to treat it yourself. Rush to a hospital immediately if you have witnessed any of these symptoms with your dengue fever:
- Severe bleeding
- A sudden drop in blood pressure
- Stomach or belly pain
- Bleeding in the nose and gums
- Vomiting blood or blood in the stool
- Feeling tired, restless or irritable
Severe dengue fever can cause organ failure by damaging the lungs, liver, and heart. The blood pressure can drop to dangerous levels, causing shock and even death.
If someone around you is infected with dengue, be very cautious of being bitten by a mosquito during that time. The best preventive measure for dengue is to prevent the mosquito bite itself. Since the disease is transmitted through mosquitoes, it is best to prevent mosquito breeding around you to avoid being bitten. To avoid being bitten by the carrier of the disease, use mosquito repellants and nets wherever necessary.
In the case of mild dengue, stay hydrated and drink plenty of fluids. Do not take any medication without consulting a doctor first. If you suspect that you may have dengue, get it checked before your condition worsens. Better safe than sorry.