Cardiac Sciences - Heart problems you might have but don’t know about

How often have we suffered from panic, sweat and chest pain only to find out that it was nothing but anxiety, while some people die of heart diseases they didn’t know they had? It can be worrying and confusing to be suffering from a heart condition, especially if the ailant doesn’t have enough knowledge about it. When it comes to heart problems, there is absolutely no risk one can take. It’s best to consult a doctor immediately. Some of the most common heart problems people are diagnosed with are listed below.

Coronary heart disease is one of the most common heart problems. This occurs when heart’s blood vessels or the coronary arteries become narrowed or blocked and are not equipped to supply enough blood to the heart. If not dealt with properly, coronary heart disease often gives way to a heart attack. Angina is its main symptom – its the discomfort experienced in arms, jaw, chest, neck or stomach as a result of the restricted blood flow. When you’re under stress, and start feeling the said pain, you probably have angina which is why all chest pains should be checked up with your doctor. When a major part of blood flow to the heart is restricted, angina attacks become regular and severe. When this situation goes out of hand and blood flow is completely restricted is what is known as a heart attack. When chest pain is followed by other symptoms like shortness of breath, overwhelming anxiety and nausea, and it travels to other parts like jaw, neck, back and abdomen – it is a high alert situation and your body is telling you that the heart is receiving insufficient oxygen and are the main symptoms of a heart attack. High cholestrol levels are often a cause of clogged arteries.

Hypertension or high blood pressure is also a heart ailment which is not an illness in itself, but can lead to serious medical hazards like strokes or even heart attack. It is imperative to keep a check on blood pressure levels regularly. Those with a family history of heart diseases are susceptible to genetic heart conditions and need to be more careful than the others. Abnormal heart rhythms is also a typical heart condition. Then there can be a problem with the heart valves too which increases the load on the heart and again chest pains start.

It is only when you sit with your doctor and inform him of the symptoms that are troubling you that he can diagnose you correctly and start with the treatment. Do not jump to conclusions right away. Heart diseases are common and treatable but only when caught at a benign stage. Certain precautionary visits would be good for you too, that is to say even if everything seems to be all right, regular check ups are advised!

Misconceptions about conception, busting myths regarding pregnancy

Pregnancy is one of the most awaited period in a woman’s life. But with it also comes with a list of do’s and dont’s that she must follow for her own good. It is high time when these set of prescribed guidelines or myths around pregnancy were busted. Here’s making the task easier for you to burst the bubble:

Eating habits have to and need to change during pregnancy: The idea is not to stress and obsess. What worked for you before pregnancy will hold true even after. Just remember to eat small and frequent meals throughout the day that will supply you and your baby with enough amount of necessary nutrients. Also, do what your doctor says!

A few sips of alcohol never hurt anybody: Here the prevention is better than cure adage holds true. According to many studies it has been proven that all alcohol related disorders in newborns are completely preventable. So resist all such temptations during pregnancy.

Letting go is completely allowed: No, it’s not. The fact that you’re eating for two makes you believe that you can eat whatever you want. Stop making pregnancy an excuse for a cheat meals everyday when it’s only about 300-400 calories extra that you need per day. You should also not restrict your food intake during pregnancy due to the fear of gaining too much weight. Avoid all extremes!

Pregnant women shouldn’t go to the salon: People would probably tell you that you might get infected or inhale some dangerous fumes while getting pampered at the salon.
You could totally go in for a hair color or a manicure, just avoid doing so in the first trimester which is the most crucial time in the fetus’ growth.

Gyming is not allowed: You have to practise common sense here and avoid rigorous workout. But all pregnant women can and should hit the gym on a regular basis. This is both good for the baby, and keeping the mother’s weight in check.

Avoid caffeine altogether: Small amount of caffeine intake will in all probability won’t harm you or the baby. Consult your doctor and take the prescribed amount. Now breathe!

Seafood is bad for the baby’s growth: That’s not true. In fact, seafood is nutrient rich and very much advised for baby’s proper growth and development. You can eat fish that is rich in protein, iron and zinc. Just make sure you have well-cooked meals to avoid food poisoning.

There have always been and shall remain preconceived notions around pregnancy but each woman’s experience is different and subjective. It would be better to create your own ‘rulebook’ as what works for others may not work for you. So to all would be mothers – more power to you!

Why being a crybaby has its benefits

Looking at old pictures always brings back fond memories. Seperation from a loved one can be a truly emotional experience. Even excrutating physical pain can be overwhelming. All these situations have one thing in common – tears. But sometimes even intense happiness can well up those waterworks and make us tear up. So how does it all work?

Tears are produced in response to an emotional state. The lacrimanal gland is activated and the fluid produced either goes down the lacrimal punctum into the nose which starts running. In other cases, the lacrimal drainage system cannot handle the volume of this fuid which flows down the eyelids onto the cheeks by the name of tears. Tears are nothing but an activation of the sympathetic nervous system in response to emotions like pain, anger, sadness or physical suffering.

There are definitely some advantages to being a crybaby, so don’t worry and bawl like a baby, if you have to. Acknowledge your suffering. Tears contain a natural painkiller, called leucine enkephalin that makes you feel better after you are done crying. However, these are only psychic tears. There are also reflex tears which help you to wash out unwanted particles or vapours from eyes thus keeping them safe, while the basal tears are to keep the cornea lubricated and nourished.

If the concept of tears is something that has always eluded you, then you must think twice. Crying actually has its own benefits. It would be safe to say that tears are an outlet of intense emotion, and suppressing those emotion is what the outside world terms as depression. So accept your tears whenever they arise, excuse yourself from company or just postpone them, but don’t hold them back. Apart from being stoic, some individuals are not able to cry for medical reasons. Sometimes the tear duct gets blocked hence the draining of tears becomes difficult. In this case the duct becomes swollen, inflamed and infected and causes redness of the eye. Blocked tear duct is treatable in almost all scenarios.

Tears may be a cry for help from the crier for sympathy and emotional support. Women cry more than men, simply because the society approves of it, but thankfully the condition seems to be shifting gradually. Tears are also often used as subtle tools of manipulation, by children and adults alike as the onlooker is made to feel guilty and coaxed into doing or saying something that they were initially not ready for. This is where the term ‘crocodile tears’, or non-emotional tears comes into play. But doctors have claimed that no matter what level of intimacy you share with the crier, certain words of approval or emotional support would definitely help to alleviate the situation!

Strep throat - symptoms, causes, treatments, and precautions

Carrying about our daily tasks is difficult enough without illnesses, and more so when we start feeling weak all of a sudden with a sore threat and difficulty in swallowing. In all possibility, it is just strep throat. Strep throat is the most common cause of sore throat in kids and teens, however adults are equally vulnerable. Whether you have it, or your kid is suffering from it, it is essential to have ample amount of knowledge on this common ailment, recognise it, and have it treated as soon as possible.

Causes and signs:

The cause of strep throat is a bacteria known as Streptococcus pyogenes, also known as group A streptococcus. This bacteria causes inflammation and swelling of the mucous membranes lining the back of the throat and the tonsils. Though strep throat is not dangerous on its own, it is highly contagious.

The bacteria is communicated easily when someone with the infection coughs or sneezes, or through shared food or drinks. When a person is suffering from a sudden fever (101˚F or higher) along with a sore, red throat with white patches, in majority cases the patient is diagnosed with strep throat. Other symptoms that indicate towards strep throat are headache, chills, loss of appetite, swollen lymph nodes in the neck and most importantly trouble swallowing. In some cases however, some individuals may be carrying this bacteria and exhibiting no symptoms at all.

How is strep throat treated?

A doctor is most likely to prescribe you medication to cure strep throat. Oral antibiotics along with symptom relievers are proved to be most effective to reduce the intensity of symptoms and prevent the spread of the bacteria. A day or two post taking medication the person should start feeling better, but if symtoms are not relieved after 48 hours, call on your doctor again. In the meantime, it’s time to rest, drink lots of liquids, gargle with warm salt water and not to miss out on your meals. Keep hands clean and cover your mouth when you cough or sneeze so that the bacteria you have contracted is not spread further.

Take precaution:

Through close contact, the strep bacteria can be transferred easily. Stay away from people who look or feel ill. Avoid sharing any personal items with them like spoon, toothbrush, food or drinks. Use alcohol based hand sanitizer to wash your hands, and always clean hands before you eat!

However, its always bad luck to be sick and if you do get strep throat, make sure you complete the course of your medicine, take leave from work or studies and stay away from close contact with anyone!

Importance of buying safety gears if you own a superbike

As a biker, what comes to your mind if someone talks about safety gears? If the answer is ‘only helmet’ then you may want to reconsider your biker status. Find out why…

Superbikes are uncompromising machines placed on a two wheeler frame made to enthrall only serious biking enthusiasts. If you own one then you already know about its massive power and performance. No one rides one to do usual grocery shopping. You explore their potential only on highways and race tracks. These bikes need careful handling and open roads. Riding them without prior riding experience can lead to disasters. Apart from throttling acceleration, a biker should also know about importance of safety gears while riding. Safety gears are the most important aspects of riding a motorcycle. And if you think a helmet is enough to protect you from fatal injuries then you may want to reconsider your knowledge about biking. In fact, helmet is your basic protection but there are many other gears that protects you from grave injuries. Thus, never hesitate to invest on a good set of safety gears if you own a superbike. Are you still considering ‘why’? These facts will justify, check them out.


This is your basic protection and you must not miss it! Reason - Head injuries are life-threatening. Consider buying a good quality, DOT - approved helmet which can go a long way to save your brain and skull in case of an accident. Apart from protecting your skull, they also block wind noise and turbulence.

2.Eye protection

Ever experienced temporary blindness because some stupid bug rammed into one of your your eyes while riding? It’s the most common trouble for bikers on Indian roads. Good helmets come with useful visors that stops the wind from making you teary eyed and keeps all manners of dust and bugs at bay. You may want to consider wearing a pair of specs as separate eye protection but make sure you buy a good one. Apart from these, a good quality visor protects your eyes from UV rays and comes with night-vision facility so you can ride effortlessly in night as well.


It’s a normal human tendency to gain support with our hands in case of a fall. And when it comes to a bike crash, the impact can be fatal and result in abrasion, broken fingers, broken joints and ligament tear. Invest in a pair of sturdily constructed, well-padded and gauntlet-style gloves that extend past the wrist and protect your palms, knuckles and fingers.

4.Jackets and Chest guard

People mistake a simple leather jacket as biker jacket. But in reality biker jackets offer a wide range of protective measures such as back protection guard, shoulder guard, elbow guard and chest guard etc. Your shoulder bones, elbows and spine can suffer considerable amount of damage when you are thrown off a bike! Jackets are complete upper body armors that protects your upper body from abrasion and broken bones in case of an accident. Apart from protection, they also ventilate air and makes a great style statement! Go for it.


Your lower body takes the most impact in case of a fall and protecting it is a mandatory task. Riding pants provide a plenty of protective measures - knee and tibia protection are the most important ones. They also provide ventilation and protects your legs from any kind of abrasion.


Imagine the amount of windblast at 200km/hr. It’s enough to crack your eardrums and make you permanently deaf. Wear earplugs, they don’t even cost much, consider adding them in your next weekend ride.


Can a normal pair of shoes protect you from bike related injuries? Up to an extent yes, but not completely. There are different varieties available for different purposes - from motocross and road racing to tourer style. And all of them have different safety measures. Apart from protecting your feet from pebbles and sudden impacts, they also help you keep your feet firmly on the pegs.

These are basic protection measures you should consider adding in your collection. But apart from these, there are additional gears such as neck, elbow and neck guards that you can buy separately if you are a off-road biker. We can’t imagine you sliding across the tar road and concrete at 150km/hr wearing only shorts and a t-shirt. In reality, you should not expose any part of your body while riding a super bike. No second thought, go and buy your gears.

It’s the season of cough and cold

It’s winter, it’s winter & I have a cold
I am coughing, I am sneezing, I am blowing my nose
I am trembling from the top of my head to my toes
It’s winter, it’s winter & I have a cold
The nights are so long and so short is the day
I hardly get time to go out and play

This nursery rhyme from eduarrow on Youtube summarizes the plight of young kids perfectly. If you are the parent of said kid, chances are you too are no fan of the winter months. While others snuggle in bed to catch a few more zzzs, you are up at the crack of dawn to get your little ones off to school and that too in the bone-chilling cold. While the exercise is good for dear mommy, the ordeal is made worse when your little one comes back from school with the sniffles.

The cold months are not just common for cough and cold caused due to bacteria and viruses, it is also famous for sinus infections caused due to allergies and pollution. While pollution is rampant throughout the year, winter months exacerbate the process by keeping the particulate matter close to the ground because of stagnant air. With Bangalore’s booming real estate industry, pollution through building materials is more responsible for allergies among children over pollution caused by vehicle emissions or burning of fossil fuels. Also, the mouldy and dry air prevalent in the winter months causes the sinuses to worsen.

So how do we ensure that our children do not suffer from the bad effects of winter. Here are a few precautions that you can take -

1.Bundle them up

Keeping the elements away from the children is the most important part of winter. Ensure when your children are being taken to school, their ears are covered and they have their sweaters on. Also, make sure that children wear socks when playing at home.

2.Load up on Vitamin C and antioxidants

Try to give your children lemon juice along with breakfast in the money. Citrus fruits are rich in Vitamin C which helps boost immunity and keep pesky diseases at bay. Also packing them mooli paratha (radish paratha) for tiffin, which are high in Vitamin C and antioxidants can increase their chances of fighting cold germs. Kiwi is also a good fruit to feed your children during this season.

3.Keep them hydrated

While winter months mean less sweating, children tend to lose more water from running around and playing in general. They need to drink enough water so that their nasal passages are moist enough. It has been seen that dry sinuses are more likely (50% more) to attract sinusitis-causing bacteria when compared to sinuses that are moist.

4.Try to inculcate good hygiene etiquette

Helping your children learn good manners like coughing in your hands and sneezing into a kerchief can go a long way in keeping the germs of cough and cold from spreading. Teaching them to wash their hands before eating will also go along way in preventing them from catching any diseases from their peers.

5.Let it run its course

Though cough and cold are illness that take a toll on your child, they do ensure that their bodies become more immunized to future attacks. So, it is best to provide them with necessary relief when they are down with cold, like soups and warm clothing. If your child has a bad cough, give him/her turmeric mixed with honey to help with the congestion. If the cold and cough symptoms don’t improve or disappear in a few days, take them to an expert paediatrician for treatment.

There is nothing more heart-breaking and exhausting than a ill child. Both children and their guardians lose their cool during this time. But you don’t need to lose hope, ensure you do your utmost to keep your child from getting ill. And if they do, be ready with the right amount of tissues, soups and parental comfort. Don’t worry, take heart with this quote from P B Shelley - O, wind, if winter comes, can spring be far behind?

Book An Appointment

How to not lose your ovaries

They say health is wealth, and when it is a serious medical condition like cancer in question, an ailing person would go to any extent so make sure they are healthy again. When it is a woman’s ovaries in question, the situation is equally grim. Ovary removal surgery or oophorectomy as it is famously called is on the rise, and it is essential to recognise its signs and symptoms.

Oophorectomy is performed in case of diagnosis of cancer-causing cysts or tumours in the ovaries. Sometimes both the ovaries are removed along with the Fallopian tube and even the uterus as a preventive measure. This also proves helpful in cutting down the levels of estrogen in the body that stimulate cancer growth. However, in cases where only one ovary is removed, women can still menstruate and bear a child.

Ovarian cancer risks rise with age especially after menopause. Women with family history of breast or ovarian cancer are also more vulnerable than women with no such genetic history. Apart from cancer which is one of the most common health issues related to ovaries, there are many other ovary disorders that a woman can suffer from, and their early diagnosis and treatment is imperative.

PCOS or PCOD, endometriosis and ovarian cysts are some of the most common ailments that women face. Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome is the condition affecting hormonal balance in the woman’s body. They produce higher-than-normal amounts of male hormones and in the long run, PCOS can even lead to diabetes and heart diseases. Endometriosis is a painful condition in which the tissue lining the uterus grows outside of it, and involves the ovaries and fallopian tubes as well. As for ovarian cysts, most often they are painless and cause no symptoms. During PCOS, ovaries contain a large number of small cysts which cause infertility if left untreated. If an ovarian cyst comes along with symptoms like severe abdominal pain, fever, rapid breathing or dizziness, immediate medical attention is required.

Spare yourself all this trouble by following certain precautionary procedures and taking care of your ovaries. By taking care of your diet and managing your weight you would be doing a big favour to your fertility and hormonal health. Any kind of emotional or physical stress also affects the hormonal cycle, so make exercising and meditation a regular part of your routine. Hormonal contraceptives also hinder ovary function, so consult your doctor before you take to these pills. Taking care of hormonal wellness won’t necessarily prevent such disorders but will either postpone or decrease their severeness. The right time to start is now!

What you need to know before donating a kidney

It’s Christmas season, a time of giving with love and happiness. As the warmth of the festivities fills the city, we thought of those individuals who have taken that spirit to the next level and did the most selfless act of giving.

What would you say is common between American Actress, Francia Raisa and self-made entrepreneur and founder of V-Guard, Kochouseph Chittilappilly? Sometime back the answer might have been - nothing. But now they are part of a small group of individuals who have done the most altruistic of deeds - they donated their kidneys.

Francia Raisa

American Actress

Kochouseph Chittilappilly

Founder, V-Guard Ltd.

While Francia Raisa gave her kidney to best friend and superstar Selena Gomez, Kochouseph Chittilappilly saved a truck driver’s life with his act of kindness. Ms. Gomez suffered kidney problems due to Lupus, an autoimmune disease in which a person’s immune system attacks the healthy cells of the body. Ms. Francia Raisa like a true friend stepped up to donate her kidney, when none of Ms. Gomez’s family members were found to be a match.

Mr.Chittilappilly was inspired by the story of Father Davis Chiramal who had also donated his kidney.

Kidney donation is one of the most beautiful and selfless acts you can ever do in your lifetime. While most other organs can only be harvested post death, the kidney and the liver are among the organs you can donate when you are still alive.

Donating our organs is not part of most people’s life goals. Though many people have signed forms that say they will be an organ donor, very few people actually take the necessary steps to become one. It is only when faced with an ailing relative who is in need of an organ donor that most people understand the enormity and significance of donating their organs.

But if you have put done your name to be a donor in case there is someone who is a match to you, here are the things you should know about donating your kidney -

1.Who can someone donate their kidney to?

Because of the big kidney racket that takes place in India, majority of the time people prefer to donate kidney among family members or relatives, this takes away the need to pay the donor money for the organ. But when a donation happens between people who don’t know each other, it is termed non-directed kidney donation.

2. What should be the condition of the donor?

A donor though not completely healthy should have a healthy kidney, i.e., there should be no evidence of kidney disease and there should not be any medical condition that could lead to kidney disease in the future. Diabetes, obesity and high blood pressure are among the medical conditions that could make someone incapable of being a kidney donor.

3. What happens after the surgery?

Doctors prescribe medication for pain-relief post surgery. But the most important aspect would be to ensure that the donor leads a very healthy life. This will include ensuring the donor doesn’t play contact sport or have a lifestyle that could put undue pressure on the single kidney like smoking, drinking and other lifestyle flaws.
After surgery the single kidney grows larger to compensate for the lost kidney. Most donors tend to live a fulfilling life even after donation through the right lifestyle changes.

4. What is the most important aspect of becoming a donor?

Ensuring that the family of the donor knows about the donation and are supportive of it is very essential part of the organ donation. Because life post surgery would mean the donor will need the full support of their family to live a healthy life.

So if you are thinking of giving the ultimate gift this Christmas season, keep these things in mind before you take the step.

Gallstones treatments and prevention

Remember the biology lessons about the digestive system? Try recalling the gallbladder, the innocuous little organ nestled just under the liver to the right side of the abdomen.Look at the image below if you are still scratching your head and trying to place it in your mental picture of the digestive system.

Most of us were mystified as to how the tiny pear-shaped organ helps the body if it, in fact, did any help. As a matter of fact, the gallbladder works as a storage and conveyor system. It stores and releases bile (a fluid produced by the liver) from time to time to help digest fats in the small intestine. But another fact is that most animal species don’t have a gallbladder, so can you live without a gallbladder? Read on to find out.

Gallstones and its implications

Gallstones are hard deposits of bile that are formed in the gallbladder. They can be as tiny as a grain of rice and sometimes as big as a ping-pong ball. It is said that obese people and people who lose a lot of weight in a short period of time are more susceptible to having gallstones than the others. Women are also more vulnerable to having gallstones than men. Diabetes and other genetic reasons have also been cited for the production of gallstones.

The appearance of gallstones can majorly hamper the regular functioning of the gallbladder, and if not immediately taken care of, can severely hamper the functioning of the whole body. Some gallstones surface and disappear without any symptoms (the really tiny ones). But in many other cases, the person requires medication or even surgical removal of the stones or the gallbladder itself.

Most often the removal of gallbladder doesn’t bring a major change in the body since the body still creates the same amount of bile as before. When we eat, it dispenses bile through the common bile duct into the intestine which helps in digestion of food, especially the fatty substances. But with the removal of the gallbladder, there is no storage of the bile and it continuously keeps flowing into the intestine. A small change in diet is essential after gallbladder removal surgery to get the person attuned to the new digestive cycle. Doctors advise the patient after a gallbladder removal surgery to lay off from food high in fatty substances to help the intestine with digestion.

Treatment and prevention

Gallstones can only prove to be fatal if not treated properly. The main symptom of gallstones is abdominal pain. Other common symptoms include a yellow tint to the skin, fever or vomiting. In case the severity of the symptoms is acute, medication is started immediately or even surgical removal may be necessary. In cases of non-surgical intervention, medication is prescribed that may need to be taken for months or even years. The drugs are made from bile acid and are used to treat cholesterol stones only.

However, most cases require surgical treatment. Through an ultrasound or CAT scan, the gallstones are diagnosed, and from there the course of treatment is decided. Surgery in most cases is performed laparoscopically which is the minimally invasive procedure. Medication and surgery are the traditional ways of treating gallstones once the symptoms start surfacing. But if gallstones are found in the bile duct, they need to be removed surgically, symptoms or no symptoms!

It’s safe to say that prevention is always better than cure. Don’t leave it all to fate and start taking care of your body now. There are pigment gallstones that form in case of health disorders like liver cirrhosis. Most people develop cholesterol gallstones when there is too much cholesterol in the bile. So, avoid too much fatty food and cholesterol-rich treats, and more so if you have a family history of gallstones.

What to do during a severe asthma attack

Ever had that feeling when you were left gasping for breath, your heart starts beating faster, you try to speak but no words came out? No we are not describing the time when you asked the hottest girl in class out or suggesting that you just met Edward Cullen. Nope, we are describing some of the symptoms of an asthma attack.

Asthma is one of the most debilitating diseases involving the respiratory tract. A chronic disease, asthma involves the airways of the lungs which are always inflamed hence it constricts the passage of air in and out of the lungs. During an asthma attack, the lining of the airways also become swollen. Thicker and copious amounts of mucus are also produced in the airways congesting it further and bringing on the attack.

Below is a diagram that shows the different airways of a normal person and that of an asthmatic person.

The other symptoms of an asthma attack include -

  • Difficulty in breathing
  • Difficulty in speaking
  • Wheezing
  • Shortness of breath
  • Dry cough
  • Rapid heartbeat

Though the symptoms are severe, most often getting the patient the right treatment immediately can go a long way in getting the attack under control. The treatment of an asthma attack depends on the severity of the attack. If an attack subsides after the patient uses their inhaler, no further treatment is necessary. But for a really severe asthma attack, the following steps can be taken until medical help arrives -

  • Don’t let the patient lie down, make them sit upright
  • Ask them to take long, deep breaths. It helps prevent hyperventilation
  • Ask them to breathe in through nose and breathe out through mouth
  • Make sure they are not panicking. It can further tighten the chest muscles
  • Keep the patient away from cigarette smoke, dust and smell of chemicals. Let them breathe some fresh air
  • Make them slowly sip a cup hot coffee if possible. It would clear the airways

For severe asthmatic attacks it is always good to take the patient to a medical examiner for treatment. Usually, severe attacks are treated with nebulisers. The nebuliser is a drug delivery device, where a medicine is administered through a mist that is inhaled into the lungs.

Though there is no cure for asthma, there are various types of treatments available to control and manage asthma by preventing symptoms and attacks. Doctors usually follow a combination of long-term and short-term medications to treat a patient. Patients are also asked to follow certain diet restrictions and manage their lifestyle. This may include quitting smoking and reducing their exposure to dust, animal hair and pollen particles.

Doctors prescribe different medications that provide different types of relief to an asthma patient.


A medication usually taken through inhalers. It is the most common treatment provided to patients with asthma. The medication dilates the bronchi and bronchioles helps the airways clear and makes breathing easy.


Steroids help in modifying and stimulating hormones that help reduce inflammation and also help in growing tissue.


These medication both prevent and counteract the swelling of the airways to the lungs.


The medicine helps in preventing mucus production and keeps the airways clear.

Ipratropium and albuterol

These are usually prescribed to treat an emergency situation. They help relax the muscles of airway and make breathing easy. They can be taken through inhalers.

So, the next time you see someone wheezing and gasping for breath, go to their aid immediately and try to help them get the right treatment as soon as possible. Call our emergency no. - 080 45004600, if you believe the patient needs expert medical care.