It was declared that “parents have a basic human right to determine freely and responsibly the number and the spacing of their children” about 4 decades ago by the United Nations International Conference in Human Rights in 1968. Family planning is very closely associated with women’s empowerment and their rights as well as an aid to reducing poverty and help sustainable development.
Family planning is the right to be able to decide when a couple in matrimony want to bear children and how many they wish to birth. This decision is primarily based on the family’s income, the mental and physical strength of the woman and the ultimate decision lies with the couple based on their wish to become parents at a certain point in their lives. UNFPA strongly supports the cause of family planning in most developing countries by aiding them with an array of birth control measures along with helping them strengthen their nation’s health management system and by extensively promoting gender equality.
Family planning starts with the basic understanding of how many children a particular must bear and if the parents can sustain the life of another living being. The most effective way of going forth with family planning is by ‘planning’ your intercourse and making sure to incorporate birth control measures whenever necessary. The concept of birth control measures or contraceptives have been around for ages, however, it has been quite a taboo concept in our country especially when discussed in public. However, with people being far more educated and well informed, birth control concepts have now become a part of everyone’s life. The necessity of these measures have been discussed on public platforms, advertisements, social media and has been announced on the television as a public service announcement by the government as well.
This article aims to spread awareness and educate th readers about the importance and advantages of incorporating birth control measures in your daily lives. Below mentioned are some of the most common contraceptive measures used by women and men.
Birth control measures for women:
- Birth control Implant:
It is the process of inserting a thin rod which is the size of a matchstick which is also called as Nexplanon in to your arm that releases hormones which in turn stops the process of conception and stops chances of pregnancy. This method can help you from not getting pregnant for upto 4 years.
An IUD is a tiny instrument inserted inside the uterus to stop you from conceiving. It is scientifically known as INtrauterine Device and is shaped like a ‘T’. This method is a long term solution and reversible in nature which implies that removal of the same would make you capable of conceiving again.
- Birth Control Ring:
It’s one of the most simple, effective and affordable birth control measure that is inserted inside the vagina. It can be left in place for three weeks at a time, and needs to be removed on the fourth week. The ring gives off hormones that prevents ovary from releasing eggs and thickening the cervical mucus that blocks sperms from getting to egg.
- Oral contraception:
These pills are a combination of hormones such as estrogen and progestin. These hormones are responsible for development of eggs and lining of uterus for implantation of embryo. Progestin also help in thickening the mucus that surrounds egg making the penetration of the sperm much difficult. It is advised to take these pills after a prescription from a medical professional.
Birth Control Measures for Men:
Condoms act as a barrier as it captures sperm preventing it from entering the vagina. They are easily accessible at stores and online and are affordable.
A permanent birth control for men, involves closing the tubes that carries the sperm out of a man’s body hence preventing pregnating the woman. It is one of the most effective and safe surgical process for men. After 3 months the physician conducts a semen analysis to ensure the procedure was performed successfully.
- Birth Control Shots:
The injectable contraceptive for men, helps suppressing the sperm count in men by giving them 200 milligrams of progestogen (norethisterone enanthate) and also 1000 milligrams of an androgen called testosterone undecanoate (TU). Studies show that 96% of men who continued on shots were successful in preventing the pregnancy.
Family planning services are easily available and accessible at various centers. It is always advised to have a family planning in place to lead a happy life with your loved ones.