Being the basic unit of all living beings except viruses, a cell forms the fundamental building block of your body. Every part of your body is made of billions of microscopic cells. Usually these cells divide and multiply every now and then to replace the dead cells. The DNA present in the nucleus of the cell controls these functions of division and multiplication. DNA also control or order the death of cells when they get old or damaged. But when this usual routine of DNA is interrupted by external issues, there will be an abnormal reaction from the cells. This reaction may come from one or more parts of the body where the cells continue to multiply and live beyond their life span. Overtime these cells form a mass and start growing rapidly with the help of self-directed blood supply. These cells are called as the cancerous or cancer cells. The study about these cancer cells and treatment of cancer is called oncology.
Owing to the type of treatment for the cancer, there are sub-specialties within oncology. These sub-specialities of oncology are Radiology, Anatomical pathology, Radiation oncology, Surgical oncology, Medical oncology, Gynaecologic oncology, Paediatric oncology. Among these let’s see in detail about Medical oncology in the following passage.
Medical oncology is primarily the treatment with drugs, by means of pharmacotherapy, which includes chemotherapy, hormonal therapy, and targeted therapy. Medical oncology is the common type of treatment for cancer in India. Being an expert in medical oncology, Vikram hospital provides you with top-notch treatment for cancer and is the best among the medical oncology hospitals in India.
Chemotherapy is usually the most famous kind of treatment for cancer and also a really efficient one. Chemotherapy is a type of cancer treatment that uses chemical substances, predominantly one or more anti-cancer drugs that are given as a part of standardized chemotherapy regimen. Chemotherapy may be given with the intent of cure or it may aim to prolong the life of the patient. Chemotherapy is more often done in combination with other cancer treatment procedures, such as radiation therapy, surgery, and hyperthermia therapy. Regarding to Medical oncology, chemotherapy is a wide followed mode of treatment to fight cancer among almost all the Medical oncology hospitals in India.
Hormonal therapy involves usage of hormones for the treatment of cancer and is one of major treatment types of medical oncology. It usually entails the manipulation of the endocrine system through exogenous administration of specific hormones, especially steroid, or drugs which impede the production or activity of such hormones. As steroid hormones are powerful drivers of gene expression in certain cancer cells, modifying the levels of activity of particular hormones can cause certain cancers to stop cell growth or even undergo cell death.
Molecularly targeted therapy, more commonly called as targeted therapy is one among the usually preferred medical treatment for cancer. Unlike traditional chemotherapy targeted therapy blocks the growth of cancer cells by interfering with specific targeted molecules needed for carcinogenesis and tumour growth, instead of simply interfering will all cells that undergo cell-division, with the help of molecular medicine. Since most agents for targeted therapy are biopharmaceuticals, the term biologic therapy more often refers to targeted therapy when used in context of cancer treatment.
Medical oncology hospitals in India are not usually completely equipped with all facilities and provide all kinds of treatments, while Vikram hospital provides you with complete features to treat cancer through procedures like chemotherapy, hormonal therapy and targeted therapy.